“We didn’t feel safe anymore. OCHA coordinates the global emergency response to save lives and protect people in humanitarian crises. The proportion of the world’s population who were displaced also continued to rise, as the world’s forcibly displaced population grew faster than the global population. “When my nine-month-old daughter died because of the lack of medicines, doctors or treatment, I decided to take my family out of Venezuela before another one of my children died. These interventions helped local communities meet the challenges of the arrival of a large number of refugees – including education, health, and water. Prosper explains how, unable to find the boy’s parents, they decided to take him in. Outside the region, countries with large Syrian refugee populations included Germany (532,100), Sweden (109,300) and Sudan (93,500). However, there are also dangers, risks and challenges. Refugee Response Framework (CRRF), and the New Way of Working- Humanitarian-Development nexus. Albanians were the next most common nationality with 8,300 claims. This rate is lower than the previous year when it stood at 49 per cent and substantially lower than the 60 per cent reported in 2016. According to government statistics, 25 countries admitted 92,400 refugees for resettlement during the year, with or without UNHCR’s … Jordan experienced a slight increase in its refugee population, providing protection to 715,300 people, mostly from Syria, by the end of 2018, up from 691,000 in 2017 and making it the tenth largest refugee-hosting country in the world. Legal, economic, social, and cultural aspects of local integration are also part of the process. Learn more about ReliefWeb, leading online source for reliable and timely humanitarian information on global crises and disasters since 1996. In 2018, about 55 per cent of the world’s population was urban, compared with only 30 per cent in 1950. BANGLADESH. A total of 5.4 million Congolese from DRC were also forcibly displaced, of whom 4,517,000 were IDPs and 854,000 were refugees or asylum-seekers. In contrast, there were also countries where most refugees were reported as living in some kind of camp setting such as Bangladesh, Tanzania, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Nigeria. © UNHCR/Genangely Pinero. Eritrea continued to be the second most common country of origin with 3,500 claims. GREECE. The refugee population from Myanmar, the fourth largest population group by country of origin, remained stable at 1.1 million. Actual. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) 1 ... SDG Indicator Framework. In 2018, 131 countries reported at least some sex-disaggregated data. To support UNHCR in delivering its mandate, more than 310 UN Volunteers have served with in the Arab States during the period 2016-2019, over 50 per cent of them women. Salvadorans submitted 46,800 new claims globally in 2018, the sixth highest. UNHCR’s results framework and monitoring system have been designed around rights groups, which provide a framework for the organization to continuously improve the delivery of assistance, with the … Peru has seen a more than six-fold increase of its asylum-seeker population to 230,900 due to the large number of asylum claims from Venezuelans received during the year. But conflicts in other areas also contributed to this rise, including Iraq, Yemen, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and South Sudan, as well as the massive flow of Rohingya refugees from Myanmar to Bangladesh at the end of 2017. The absence of such an indicator would mean that, contrary to the ... a Global Compact on Refugees in 2018. Italy received the largest number of these claims with 7,300, followed by Greece (7,200). Syrians were the largest group of new refugees registered on a group or prima facie basis, accounting for more than half of new registrations mostly in Turkey, although many will have already been present in Turkey for a while before registering. The Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework is part of the Global Compact on Refugees, an agreement for shared responsibility between UNHCR, governments and other organizations. Iraqis also applied for asylum 70 other countries. Countries in the Middle East and North Africa with significant numbers of Syrian refugees included Lebanon (944,200), Jordan (676,300) and Iraq (252,500). These communities benefitted directly or indirectly from interventions implemented through the Regional Refugee Response Plan. At the global level (UNHCR and State asylum procedures combined), the Total Protection Rate (TPR) was 44 per cent – i.e. Diseases were getting stronger than us. Some 1.6 million Ethiopians made up the largest newly displaced population during the year, 98 per cent of them within their country. The largest number of urban refugees in 2018 originated from Syria with 6.3 million people, representing 98 per cent of the entire population for which location was known. Without the protection of family, unaccompanied and separated children are often at risk of exploitation and abuse. Israel received the most claims with 6,300, followed by Germany with 5,600. In its efforts to achieve this objective, the Office strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, and to return home voluntarily. © UNHCR/Daphne Tolis, Asylum-seekers are people who are seeking sanctuary in a country other than their own and are waiting for a decision about their status. Find help on how to use the site, read terms and conditions, view the FAQs and API documentation. The majority of refugees lived in privately hosted and out-of-camp individual accommodation (60 per cent) at the end of 2018, a proportion that has been stable since 2014. In addition, Cameroon reported 52,800 new refugees, from Nigeria (31,800) and CAR (20,900); Ethiopia reported 42,100 new refugees, mainly from South Sudan (25,400) and Eritrea (14,600); and Nigeria reported 32,600 new arrivals, all from Cameroon. Large numbers of people were on the move in 2018. There were 3,503,300 asylum-seekers waiting for decisions on pending claims at the end of 2018, 13 per cent more than the previous year. The remaining half of the applications for asylum to the United States of America came from 161 countries. Of note is the decrease in new applications from Afghans: While there were 127,000 such applications in 2016, there were only 9,900 in 2018. Bangladesh continued to host a large population of 906,600 refugees at the end of 2018, almost entirely from Myanmar. In Niger there were 27,100 people in this category, comprising mainly Niger nationals displaced from Nigeria who have no access to documentation proving their Nigerien nationality. It also calls for the strengthening of civil registration and vital statistics systems and UNHCR, therefore, works with States to undertake targeted surveys and studies. Other countries receiving large numbers of new asylum claims were the United Kingdom (37,500), Mexico (29,600), Australia (28,800) and Costa Rica (28,000). 2019 {"categories":[2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021],"budget": ... As part of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework, for which Zambia was a roll-out country, the Government expanded access to social amenities for Congolese refugees and their Zambian hosts. During 2018, 1.1 million people were reported as new refugees, down from the 2.7 million reported in 2017. Recognition on a group or prima facie basis was given to 599,300 refugees, and 461,200 were granted some form of temporary protection. In the countries where UNHCR managed refugee status determination 227,800 applications were registered in 2018, of which 12,200 were on appeal or repeat. The lowest proportion of both children and women was seen in the refugee population in Europe where only 44 per cent of the refugee population was female and 41 per cent was under the age of 18. Nevertheless, improved security across some territories in Tanganyika facilitated some spontaneous returns. There are significant risks for refugees returning too early and a premature, large-scale return could even further destabilize the region. UNHCR has been making great efforts to improve the quality of data, looking for new ways of gathering information quickly and working with partners. César and Yoheglith fled Venezuela with their three kids in October 2018. There were new displacements and returns throughout the year, often occurring simultaneously in the same province. DEVELOPING THE COMPREHENSIVE REFUGEE RESPONSE FRAMEWORK SUPPLEMENTARY APPEAL > NAME OF REPORT 2 UNHCR / September 2017 [COVER PHOTOGRAPH] ©UNHCR/Rocco Nuri. Data can be separated to show more than just the number of people in a particular situation, this is known as disaggregated data. 176,200 returns failed to balance out 581,700 new displacements. Sherifa, whose husband went missing, holds up a sign saying: “I need freedom and peace”. Chad reported 36,700 people as “others of concern” at the end of 2018, of which 20,000 were nationals of CAR pending screening and refugee registration and 16,700 were of Chadian descent evacuated from CAR and at risk of statelessness. By the end of 2018, about 3.5 million people were awaiting a decision on their application for asylum. However, a limited number of countries report on them and the available figures are underestimates Reports show 27,600 such children applied for asylum during 2018. MENA Protection … Venezuelan refugees and asylum-seekers grew in number. The global programme “Support in the implementation of the UN Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework” strives to address these objectives through supporting UNHCR as a facilitator of the GCR in the Nexus. This was the lowest figure since 2013. Similar to the past couple of years, the fifth most common country of origin remained DRC with 61,100 new applications in 2018, in addition to the 123,400 new refugee registrations on a group or prima facie basis. He lives with his wife, their three-year-old daughter, and a 12-year-old boy who joined them during their flight. This means that on every day of 2018, an average of 37,000 people were newly displaced. As in previous years, Iraq continued to have the highest number of returns in 2018 with close to 1 million people (945,000) returning to their localities of origin. Voluntary repatriation remains the preferred lasting solution for the largest number of refugees and requires appropriate measures to ensure that this choice is made freely, without outside pressure. As in 2017, South Sudan was the most common country of origin for unaccompanied and separated child refugees, with 58,600 representing 53 per cent of the global child refugee population. We advocate for effective and principled humanitarian action by … The proportion of all refugees under UNHCR’s mandate hosted in Turkey alone increased to 18 per cent. The number of Somali refugees worldwide continued to decline slowly, and 80 per cent remained in countries close to Somalia. They are also generally not counted or registered in the ways the rest of the population is, meaning their needs are not planned for and their existence not acknowledged. The World Bank, in partnership with the UN Refugee Agency, UNHCR, have launched a report which is based on the results of a 2018 Kalobeyei Socioeconomic Profiling Survey. Data on some 3.9 million stateless persons are captured in the Global Trends report, but the true global figure is estimated to be significantly higher. The number of refugees from Burundi, the tenth largest refugee-producing country, decreased during 2018 from 439,300 at the start of the year to 387,900 at the end. While it is known that this is an underestimate, the trend indicates a decline in the number of unaccompanied or separated children applying for asylum, which reflects the overall trends in declining asylum claims since 2015. The refugee population under UNHCR’s mandate (the focus of this report) is 20.4 million and has nearly doubled since 2012 when it stood at 10.5 million. Canada reported the second largest number, with 18,300 from 162 countries. The vast majority of IDPs were in Darfur (88 per cent), where some have been living in long-term displacement for over a decade. This category numbered 1.2 million by the end of 2018. The TPR varies greatly depending on the countries of asylum. In 2018, progress continued to be made to reduce the number of stateless people through the acquisition or confirmation of nationality. In previous years, Venezuelans living in Latin American and Caribbean countries outside of the formal asylum system were previously reported in this category, they are now reported in a separate category: ‘Venezuelans displaced abroad’. Intermittent border restrictions are causing Venezuelans fleeing to neighbouring countries to rely on dangerous routes, exposing them to risks such as sexual exploitation and kidnapping. 14 UNHCR … The refugee population in Ethiopia, the ninth largest refugee host country, increased during 2018, reaching 903,200, with over half from South Sudan (422,100). © UNHCR/Roger Arnold. Pakistan gives 'licence to kill' houbara bustard, a protected bird species . Nigeria hosted 100 at the beginning of 2018 compared to 32,800 by the end of the year. In 2018, nine situations were newly classed as protracted, as they reached the five year mark – South Sudanese refugees in Kenya, Sudan and Uganda; Nigerians in Cameroon and Niger; refugees from DRC and Somalia in South Africa; Pakistani refugees in Afghanistan; and Ukrainian refugees in Russian Federation. Other countries with sizable populations of refugees from Myanmar were Malaysia (114,200), Thailand (97,600) and India (18,800). As of December 2018, 149 States are parties to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and/or to its 1967 Protocol. The gap between needs and actual resettlement places continued to grow. Additionally, UNHCR collects data on the type of accommodation individuals live in, especially for refugee populations. Of the 31.5 million people for whom age-disaggregated data were available, 52 per cent were children under 18. In 2018, provisional data indicated that 27,600 unaccompanied or separated children sought asylum on an individual basis in at least 60 countries that report on this figure. Background and Achievements Overview … Actual. Eritrea remained the ninth largest country of origin with 507,300 refugees at the end of 2018, a slight increase from end-2017 when this population stood at 486,200. At the end of 2018, 111,000 unaccompanied and separated children were known to be among the refugee population. List of organizations that are actively providing ReliefWeb with content. Govt. UNHCRlHCP/2018/1 Policy on Age, Gender, and Diversity Approved by: The High Commissioner , ... 2 UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), UNHCR's Strategic Directions 2017-2021, 16 June 2016, page 13, ... and its accountability framework. Ronia’s husband died two years ago, leaving her to raise her children alone. More than two thirds of rural refugee populations were under 18 years of age, compared with almost half of urban refugee populations. Every year some refugees agree to return to their country of origin. This United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) 2018-2022 builds on key lessons from the previous UNDAF (2014-2018) and the Delivering as One (DaO) approach. The choice to return must be based on accurate information about the conditions to be expected on arrival in the country of origin. Children play with a kitten at the transit site located above a fishing village in northern Lesvos. 15.9 million refugees were in protracted situations at the end of 2018. UNHCR assists with cash grants and reintegration projects, usually for at least a year after arrival. Knowing who and where people are makes it possible to plan and implement effective and efficient policy responses that address the needs of vulnerable groups and help ensure that “no one is left behind”, as laid out in the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. Service provided by UN-OCHA. At the same time, Cameroon hosted 380,300 refugees, mainly from the Central African Republic (CAR) and Nigeria. Similarly, asylum claims from Iraqis remained the second most common and declined from 44,500 in 2017 to 20,000 in 2018. The conflict in South Sudan continued to displace many, with 179,200 new refugees registered in 2018. Hondurans made up the eighth largest group to apply for asylum in 2018 with 41,500 new claims. Most refugees from Myanmar were hosted by Bangladesh (906,600). ReliefWeb Labs projects explore new and emerging opportunities to improve information delivery to humanitarians. Active conflicts and political uncertainties continued to drive significant displacement. Sadiq is an Afghan returnee who had been living in Pakistan. These data are kept up to date and analyzed in terms of various criteria, such as where people are, their age and whether they are male or female. There were significant increases in applications from Venezuelans, the most common nationality of origin, and the number of Colombian applicants also more than trebled to 8,800 in 2018. This represented 78 per cent of all refugees, compared with 66 per cent the previous year. During 2018, a number of new studies were completed, including for Albania, Switzerland and the East African community. We were scared to be in the house and we couldn’t leave the children alone. South Sudan remained the third most common country of origin and neighbouring countries hosted almost all refugees originating from there. “Being part of NaTakallam is so positive for me. As a consequence of armed conflict, generalized violence and human rights violations, by the end of 2018 some 41.3 million people were displaced within their own countries. Under certain circumstances, UNHCR provides protection and assistance to individuals or groups “of concern”, who do not fall within the categories of forcibly displaced, returns and/or stateless. This is the case in Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. At the year’s end, DRC was the seventh largest country of origin of refugees, with 720,300 refugees. IRAQ. Other countries that received significant numbers of asylum applications from unaccompanied and separated children included the United Kingdom (2,900), Greece (2,600), Sweden (1,700), Egypt (1,700), Turkey (1,700), Libya (1,500). The refugee population in Lebanon declined slightly, there were nearly 1 million refugees at the end of 2018 (949,700), compared with 998,900 at the end of 2017, mostly from Syria. 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