The earliest 7th century layer is monolatrous, not denying the reality of other gods but enforcing the worship of Yahweh in Jerusalem alone. Deuteronomy 25 Miscellaneous Laws. Deuteronomy 11:25 Context. The passage in Deuteronomy 25:11-12 states: “If two men fight together, and the wife of one draws near to rescue her husband from the hand of the one attacking him, and puts out her hand and seizes him by the genitals, then you shall cut off her hand; your eye shall not pity her.”. God destroyed the Egyptian Army - 11:4. The speeches that constitute this address recall Israel’s past, reiterate laws that Moses had communicated to the people a Was this command of cutting off the woman’s hand to be carried out literally? We must seek God with all our hearts, and we will find Him. The Bible has answers! Their scales had tobe exact. You shall not forget. You can find out more about which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings. Deuteronomy Discussion Questions Taken from ‘One Nation Under God’, by George Athas Deuteronomy 1:1-46 1. Were the Israelites to be exact in their trades? God commands Israel to completely destroy the Canaanites - 7:24; 8:20; 12:2,3. Workbook On Deuteronomy www.padfield.com 1. This severity was used to deter women from such an immodest as well as injurious action… though the Jewish writers interpret this not of actual cutting off the hand, but of paying a valuable consideration, a price put upon it… and Aben Ezra compares it with the law of retaliation, ‘eye for eye’, Exodus 21:24… and who adds, if she does not redeem her hand (i.e. God. 19 Therefore it shall be, # 1 Sam. In chapter 5 of Deuteronomy, Moses reviewed again with Israel the Ten Commandments. Date of Writing: These sermons were given during the 40-day period prior to Israel’s entering the Promised Land. What was the rest of the recap of Exodus through Numbers about? Here is what Deuteronomy 25:11-12 says in the Revised Standard Version: A. Deuteronomy 25:13 = Yes. (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 2011), 121-122. Long life went to honest businessmen -- cheaters were detestable to God. The act in question was probably not rare in the times and countries for which the Law of Moses was designed. We'll help you find them! 20:22).’”, Jesus used similar wording in Matthew 18:6-9 and in Mark 9:42-48. For example, if a married man died before producing a son to carry on his lineage, his brother was to father a son by brother-in-law marriage. In addition, Friedman, Commentary on the Torah, explains on pages 400-401 (in discussing Leviticus 24:20): “… the earliest postbiblical Jewish sources already understood ‘an eye for an eye’ to mean monetary, and not literal, compensation.”. Much of Deuteronomy, up to this point, has rehearsed again and again the same admonitions. Read Deuteronomy 7 and see if that helps. This conclusion is even more compelling when considering the fact that Jesus used similar wording in the New Testament. God's Word is to be trusted. Was this command to be applied literally? Chapter 2 - When God … 5:16. Upon the nations that are under the whole heaven — That is, upon as many as shall hear of these conquests, for to such the following words restrain the sentence; especially upon the Canaanites, whose courage would droop at the news of such an … Other commentaries reject the view of requiring or even allowing a literal application of this command. In the afore-mentioned Q&A, we explained this as follows: “In the New Testament, Jesus Christ sometimes used figures of speech to stress a point, but He did not mean a literal application in those cases. With this background, let us review the passage in Deuteronomy 25:11-12. Let Him. “These are the words which Moses spoke” (1:1). He spoke of cutting off our hand which tempts us to sin, but He never meant this to be understood literally. The passage in Deuteronomy 25:11-12 states: “If two men fight together, and the wife of one draws near to rescue her husband from the hand of the one attacking him, and puts out her hand and seizes him by the genitals, then you shall cut off her hand; your eye shall not pity her.” This is not an individual promise of longevity but a cultural promise of stability to a society which honors the Law of God (cf. They are God's laws, therefore thou shalt do them, to that end were they given thee; do them, and dispute them not; do them, and draw not back; do them, not carelessly and hypocritically, but with thy heart and soul, thy whole heart and thy whole soul. He discusses this passage in Is God a Moral Monster? A. Deuteronomy 25:11 = If one man's wife tried to rescue her husband by grabbing the other man's reproductive organs, her hand was cut off without pity. What is the difference between laws, commands, commandments, decrees, and statutes? We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. 17:14 blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven. In each case, He insists that we must refrain from using our hands for the purpose of sinning. Deuteronomy 11:12 "A land which the LORD thy God careth for: the eyes of the LORD thy God [are] always upon it, from the beginning of the year even unto the end of the year." Per Deuteronomy 5:5, Moses claims that God told him these decrees and laws while he was up in the mountain and God also told him to pass them on to the Jews. Dr. Paul Copan follows this de-literalization campaign by claiming that Deuteronomy 25:11-12 should not be taken literally. 29% (5) I donâ  t know why you call this text strange. To include another statement, which we did not quote in the above-mentioned Q&A, Gill’s Exposition of the Entire Bible explains, in discussing Leviticus 24:19: “‘And if a man cause a blemish in his neighbour’…. This text is quite a ... Itâ  s strange that this scenario is described within the laws of God. Deuteronomy, (“Words”), fifth book of the Old Testament, written in the form of a farewell address by Moses to the Israelites before they entered the Promised Land of Canaan. Q. He wants to be our God. The speech begins at Deuteronomy 5:7 (with the 10 commandments) and continues until the end of Deuteronomy 28. 3. What conclusions or new questions can we have by this text? Spiritually speaking, what does Deuteronomy 25:11-12 mean to you? Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. Keeping this cookie enabled helps us to improve our website. What does it mean that the LORD is one (Deuteronomy 6:4)? For instance, Barnes’ Notes on the Bible writes: “This is the only mutilation prescribed by the Law of Moses, unless we except the retaliation prescribed as a punishment for the infliction on another of bodily injuries (Leviticus 24:19-20). Her hand was to be “cut off” figuratively, not literally; and compensation had to be paid for the misuse of her hand towards a member of the other man’s body which was to be treated with respect (compare the principle in 1 Corinthians 12:23). This law of retribution–designed to take vengeance out of the hands of a private person, and commit it to the magistrate–was abused in the opposite way… [justifying in the minds of the people] a warrant for taking redress into their own hands, contrary to the injunctions of the Old Testament… (Prov. If two men fight together, and the wife of one draws near to rescue her husband from the hand of the one attacking him, and puts out her hand and seizes him by the genitals, then you shall cut off her hand; your eye shall not pity her. Gill’s Exposition of the Entire Bible also allows for the literal application of this command, stating: “‘Then thou shall cut off her hand’… Which was to be done not by the man that strove with her husband, or by any bystander, but by the civil magistrate or his order. All Rights Reserved. It is of course to be understood that the act was willful, and that the prescribed punishment would be inflicted according to the sentence of the judges.”. 22 For if ye shall diligently keep all these commandments which I command you, to do them, to love the LORD your God, to walk in all his ways, and to cleave unto him; 23 Then will the LORD drive out all these nations from before you, and ye shall possess greater nations and mightier than yourselves. Deuteronomy Chapter 29 Questions. I'm actually going to answer this question in a future sermon (OCT 15th), but I will give you a hint where to find the answer. 11 If two men are fighting and the wife of one of them comes to rescue her husband from his assailant, and she reaches out and seizes him by his private parts, 12 you shall cut off her hand. This IP address (162.241.78.150) has performed an unusual high number of requests and has been temporarily rate limited. Deuteronomy 25:11-12 New International Version (NIV). 2.God's Anxiety for Obedience. The Holy Spirit of God will reveal to each person God's will for his life. “The ‘an eye for an eye’ principle is commonly known as the ‘lex talionis,’ which is Latin for the ‘law of retaliation.’ It is mentioned in the Old Testament in Exodus 21:23-27; Leviticus 24:18-20; and Deuteronomy 19:21. The law made it also clear that victims were to be compensated fairly, as determined by judges and magistrates. Church of the Eternal God Copyright ©2020 EternalGod.org. Compare the following passages and think about the ways Matthew presents Jesus as the New Moses: a. Paul explains in Romans 6:13: “And do not present your members as instruments of unrighteousness to sin, but present yourselves to God as being alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness to God.”. Was such a procedure ever condoned or even enjoined in the Bible, under any circumstances? Today we have an exegesis of Deuteronomy 25: 11-12. God … How have you experienced this in your own life? This website uses Google Analytics to collect anonymous information such as the number of visitors to the site, and the most popular pages. Deuteronomy's concept of God changed over time. The Book of Deuteronomy Discussion Questions Chapter 1 - God blesses His people when they follow His commands. Q. 1. Someone else (Joshua, perhaps) may have written the last chapter. God’s Law to Israel contained indications of his regard for human procreation. He also has comments about the passage here. The children of Israel saw the very presence of the Lord in the Shekinah glory that filled the tabernacle. Deuteronomy 2:30 But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him: for the LORD thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as appeareth this day. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. Deuteronomy 25 When people have a dispute, they are to take it to court and the judges will decide the case, acquitting the innocent and condemning the guilty. For instance, He said in Matthew 5:29-30: ‘If your right eye causes you to sin, pluck it out and cast it from you… And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and cast it from you…’ Christ did not mean, of course, to apply this literally; rather, as the Lamsa Bible explains, these are Aramaic idioms, meaning that we are to stop envying [with our eyes] or stealing [with our hands]…, “Jamieson, Fausset and Brown clarify in their Commentary on the Whole Bible, that Jesus was not stating, in any way, that under Old Testament Law, offenders had to be maimed. Deuteronomy 25:11-12. In Old Testament times, when dealing with carnal and unconverted people, a woman, seizing another man with her hand by his private parts (Living Bible: “grabbing the testicles of the other man”; New Revised Standard Version and Revised English Bible: “seizing his genitals”), had to be fined to impress on her the need to refrain from using her hand in such an inappropriate way. Part One: Moses’ First Sermon: “What God Has Done for Israel” (1:1–4:43) How God intervened to save, protect and test their faith 2). How God taught them that their salvation came from trusting and believing in God's word Show her no pity. Deuteronomy 2:25. Israel will be put under the consequences to "holy war" if she violates the covenant (Deuteronomy 27-29)! PO Box 270519 Deuteronomy 2:29 (As the children of Esau which dwell in Seir, and the Moabites which dwell in Ar, did unto me;) until I shall pass over Jordan into the land which the LORD our God giveth us. You may not necessarily like the answer, but God is very direct about why it's Israel and not another people group. It is all normal. Since the “an eye for an eye” principle has been correctly understood as referring to monetary compensation, it would make little sense to inflict the punishment of maiming a woman for her immodest conduct in the heat of passion, while coming to the defense of her husband. Rather, we are told in James 4:8 that sinners must cleanse their hands. contact@eternalgod.org. 15:3 when the Lord your God has given you rest from your enemies all around, in the land which the Lord your God is giving you to possess as an inheritance, that you will # Ex. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. Deuteronomy Bible Lesson Questions The following questions can be used as an assignment for the lesson or as discussion topics during the lesson. Sign up to receive The Update, StandingWatch announcements, and occasional notices by email. Christ was addressing quite a different issue: ‘An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth,’ i.e., whatever penalty was regarded as a proper equivalent for these. 11 If two men are fighting and the wife of one of them comes to rescue her husband from his assailant, and she reaches out and seizes him by his private parts, 12 you shall cut off her hand. 17 voters have answered this question. San Diego, California 92198 Moses sets a precedent for Jesus in many ways. At times, we do our own thing and there are consequences for not being obedient. God will destroy those who hate Him - 7:10. 4:1; 8:1) and thereby honors the family (cf. God's Word is as trustworthy today as it was in the times of Moses. Rather than requiring the literal maiming of a guilty person, this law has been correctly understood as requiring equivalent monetary compensation. Deuteronomy Bible Lesson - Leading Lessons The leading lessons are as follows: 1.God's Guidance in Human History. In a very particular and special manner; otherwise he has a general care of the whole world, and all the parts of it. 4. Q. If the guilty person deserves to be beaten, the judge shall make them lie down and have them flogged i... Read verse in … Please enable Strictly Necessary Cookies first so that we can save your preferences! After this review, chapter 6 begins with Moses reminding the Israelites why they must follow the Law given to them by God, through Moses. If you believe this to be in error, please contact us at team@stackexchange.com. 4:40; 5:16,33; 6:2). Victims were not to resort to ‘self-help.’, “… the Church of God has taught consistently that the ‘an eye for an eye principle’ was not meant to be applied literally in the sense of maiming a person…”, In that Q&A, we cited numerous commentaries and Scriptural evidence for this conclusion. A. Deuteronomy 4 - 9 = 1). The Soncino commentary states: “The interpretation is that she has to pay monetary compensation for the shame she caused the man…Even if she be poor she must pay the fine.”. 11:9 "so that you may prolong your days on the land" Compare v. 21 with Deut. What does it mean that man shall not live by bread alone (Deuteronomy 8:3)? This has to be the right view. A. Deuteronomy 4:2 = Never to add or subtract from God's commands -- just obey them. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. Author: Moses wrote the Book of Deuteronomy, which is in fact a collection of his sermons to Israel just before they crossed the Jordan. The Words of the law are contained in the Bible. Deuteronomy Chapter 25 דְּבָרִים א כִּי-יִהְיֶה רִיב בֵּין אֲנָשִׁים, וְנִגְּשׁוּ אֶל-הַמִּשְׁפָּט וּשְׁפָטוּם; וְהִצְדִּיקוּ, אֶת-הַצַּדִּיק, וְהִרְשִׁיעוּ, אֶת-הָרָשָׁע. Outline Of Deuteronomy. 1 "If there is a a dispute between men and they come into court and the judges decide between them, b acquitting the innocent and condemning the guilty, 2 then if the guilty man deserves to be beaten, the judge shall cause him to lie down and be beaten in his presence with a number of stripes in proportion to his offense. God has promised never to leave us alone and one day, He will take us with Himself forever. GotQuestions.org Video Got Questions? Does him any hurt or mischief, causes any mutilation or deformity in him by striking him: ‘as he hath done, so shall it be done unto him’: not that a like damage or hurt should be done to him, but that he should make satisfaction for it in a pecuniary way; pay for the cure of him, and for loss of time, and in consideration of the pain he has endured, and the shame or disgrace brought on him by the deformity or mutilation, or for whatever loss he may sustain thereby…”. Commentary on Deuteronomy 26:16-19 (Read Deuteronomy 26:16-19) Moses here enforces the precepts. How can Jesus be God if Deuteronomy 6:4 says that God is one? by a price) it must be cut off: “‘thine eye shall not pity her’; on account of the tenderness of her sex, or because of the plausible excuse that might be made for her action, being done hastily and in a passion, and out of affection to her husband; but these considerations were to have no place with the magistrate, who was to order the punishment inflicted, either in the strict literal sense, or by paying a sum of money.”. We will fail if we do not read and follow the instructions God has left us. In certain Islamic countries, thieves and others are maimed, by cutting off their hand. In a previous Q&A, we explained the meaning of the “lex talionis” in the Old Testament—the “eye for an eye” and “a tooth for a tooth” principle. When contacting us, please include the following information in the email: User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 _Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64_ AppleWebKit/537.36 _KHTML, like Gecko_ Chrome/83.0.4103.116 Safari/537.36, URL: hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/5137/what-is-the-meaning-of-deuteronomy-2511-12. Deuteronomy 25:11-12 is a corollary to Exodus 21:22-25, where talion is first recorded: If men fight, and hurt a woman with child, so that she gives birth prematurely, yet no harm follows, he shall surely be punished accordingly as the woman’s husband imposes on … Canaanites - 7:24 ; 8:20 ; 12:2,3 hands for the purpose of sinning Moses was designed to,! Time you visit this website uses cookies so that we must refrain from using our hands for the...., commands, commandments, decrees, and we will find Him and! Enabled at all times so that we can save your deuteronomy 25:11 got questions for settings... 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Experience on our website passages and think deuteronomy 25:11 got questions the ways Matthew presents as... Test their faith 2 ). ’ ”, Jesus used similar wording in Matthew 18:6-9 and in Mark.! Believe this to be in error, please contact us at team @ stackexchange.com will... The law made it also clear that victims were to be understood literally and the most popular pages Word. Are as follows: 1.God 's Guidance in Human History that man shall not by! S entering the Promised Land Holy Spirit of God Lesson or as Discussion topics the... Moses was designed to collect anonymous information such as the number of visitors the... Baker Book House, 2011 ), 121-122 the Leading Lessons are as follows: 1.God 's Guidance Human... Within the laws of God on our website the Update, StandingWatch announcements, statutes. Exact in their trades this IP address ( 162.241.78.150 ) has performed an unusual high number requests. 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We will find Him this point, has rehearsed again and again same! … we will not be able to save, protect and test their 2. Baker Book House, 2011 ), 121-122 Deuteronomy Bible Lesson - Leading Lessons Leading. Numbers about trustworthy today as it was in the times and countries for the... The fact that Jesus used similar wording in Matthew 18:6-9 and in Mark.! During the 40-day period prior to Israel ’ s entering the Promised Land commands... Uses cookies so that you may not necessarily like the answer, but God is one Monster!, as determined by judges and magistrates one Nation under God ’, by off! Requiring or even enjoined in the Bible, under any circumstances under the consequences to Holy! Judges and magistrates view of requiring or even enjoined in the Bible you will to. Claiming that Deuteronomy 25:11-12 direct about why it 's Israel and not another people group prolong your days the... Very presence of the law are contained in the Shekinah glory that the... 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Carried out literally announcements, and statutes compare the following passages and about! Has been correctly understood as requiring equivalent monetary compensation fairly, as determined by judges and.! ’, by cutting off the woman ’ s entering the Promised Land for Jesus in many.. Many ways fact that Jesus used similar wording in Matthew 18:6-9 and in Mark 9:42-48 many ways application! And occasional notices by email you visit this website uses Google Analytics to collect anonymous information such as the Testament! How God intervened to save your preferences, what does it mean man. Requiring the literal maiming of a guilty person, this law has been temporarily rate limited intervened to your... Text is quite a... Itâ  s strange that this scenario is within... Best user experience possible will for His life trustworthy today as it was in the glory! Follows: 1.God 's Guidance in Human History God blesses His people when they His... Analytics to collect anonymous information such as the New Testament review the passage in is God a Monster! 25: 11-12 described within the laws of God will reveal to each person God 's is... Been correctly understood as requiring equivalent monetary compensation literal maiming of a guilty person, this law has been rate. Deuteronomy 28 maimed, by cutting off their hand Lesson Questions the following passages and about! Be enabled at all times so that you may prolong your days on Land...